IPv6 CPE and Home routers support

The configuration of PPPoE servers and introduction to IPv6 is described in two articles, please read them if you want to configure the ISP part first – https://splynx.com/5665/splynx-ipv6-support/ and https://splynx.com/5684/mikrotik-ipv6-configuration/

In this article are shown examples of configuration of 3 different CPEs from 3 different vendors. We have selected IPv6 routers that are used in networks of Splynx customers. Models of the home routers IPv6 are : TP Link 450, Nucom 8800AC and Mikrotik any RouterOS based router.
Below is a typical scheme of CPE or Home router connection to the ISP with PPPoE and IPv6 enabled

Let’s take a look on the setup. There are two interfaces configured – one is WAN that connects to uplink and second is a LAN interface, that usually works as a bridge, that units all physical LAN interfaces – Ethernet and WiFi.

1. WAN connection
The uplink interface is configured with PPPoE client. PPPoE client connects to PPPoE server and communication between Home router and ISP router works on IPv6 Link Local addresses. It’s also possible to assign a public IPv6 address to Home router, we don’t use it in our configs to not make it too complicated. Public IPv6 on router will be available on LAN interface and this IP can be used to access the router.

When PPPoE Client connection is established, our home router receives IPv6 LAN prefix, that is called Delegated IPv6 prefix. Home router should configure IPv6 address on it’s LAN interface, that will work as gefault gateway for all our devices.
When IPv6 on LAN is configured, our router should start announcing IPv6 to the LAN network (similar what DHCP does in IPv4 world). In LAN environment is almost always used IPv6 Stateless auto configuration that is called SLAAC and is based on IPv6 Neighbor Discovery protocol (ND).

In picture above, router has established a pppoe connection and received a /64 IPv6 pool 2a0f:f041:1000:1::/64. This pool will be used for LAN devices and all devices will create own IPv6 addresses from that pool.

As you remember, while IPv4 is a 32 bit IP address, that is split into 4 octets, IPv6 address is 128 bits and is split into 8 parts, each contains 16 bits of information. 16 bit parts that contain only zeros can be merged with :: symbols. It means that the network, 2a0f:f041:1000:1::/64 that is allocated to router is equal to 2a0f:f041:1000:1:0:0:0:0:/64, but we cut last 4 zero parts and make view of IP network shorter.

2. LAN connection.
In our example, home router uses first IP from received /64 pool. It means that automatically it assigns IP ::1 to it’s LAN interface. This setup is available in Mikrotik routers, other routers will generate automatically IP on their LAN interfaces. So, in case of Mikrotik IP 2a0f:f041:1000:1::1 is used on LAN interface and this IP will become a default gateway for all home devices.
Home devices with IPv6 support have SLAAC enable on their Internet interfaces, get the IPv6 ND information and create own IPv6 address.The following example shows configuration on Mikrotik RouterOS. Window on left side shows PPPoE client interface configuration – we say that it’s needed to get a prefix from PPPoE server. The received prefix is called LAN and is stored in IPv6 pools. Second window shows that IPv6 address is configured on LAN Interface from the prefix LAN, and EUI64 will be used to create IPv6 LAN address. Important is flag “Advertise”, that enables SLAAC and ND on interface, so end devices will be able to get IPv6.

If we want to use IP 2a0f:f041:1000:1::1 on LAN interface instead of ugly generated IP, then just disable EUI64, and setup IP as on example below

Now, Mikrotik CPE/Home router is configured and devices will get access to IPv6 internet.

Let’s check configuration of TP Link. Configuration is much simpler, comparing to Mikrotik. We must be sure that Firmware supports Ipv6, many older TP link devices don’t have ability to work with IPv6. But the devices that support IPv6 are confiured similar way as Mikrotik – enable IPv6 on PPPoE interface, and it will create IPv6 address on LAN with SLAAC enabled.

Nucom 8800AC Fiber ONT router has also similar one step configuration, PPPoE with IPv6 enabled and then IPv6 is configured on LAN and SLAAC enabled to connect end user devices.

And the configuration of NUCOM is shown below

 


Should you have any questions regarding IPv6 and CPE management in Splynx feel free to contact us! If you decide to try Splynx in action, just click the button below!

 

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